Download Complementation: A Cross-Linguistic Typoloy (A Sipri by R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald PDF

By R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

A supplement clause is used rather than a noun word; for instance you can still say both I heard [the consequence] or I heard [that England beat France]. Languages missing supplement clauses hire complementation options to accomplish comparable semantic effects. exact experiences of specific languages, together with Akkadian, Israeli, Jarawara, and Pennsylvania German, are framed by way of R.M. W. Dixon's advent, which units out the variety of matters, and his end, which attracts jointly the proof and the arguments.

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Extra resources for Complementation: A Cross-Linguistic Typoloy (A Sipri Publication)

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I began this section by stating that a Secondary concept requires a lexical verb, which it modiWes. A Secondary concept may be realized as a verb, which then belongs to the restricted set, R, of complement-taking verbs. Then the point was made that whereas a Primary-B verb may take a complement clause in one argument slot (or may take just an NP, as in JohnA knows [the truth]O, alongside JohnA knows O), a 14 R. M. W. Dixon Secondary verb must relate to a second verb (from the unrestricted set, U) through either a complement clause construction or a complementation strategy.

Interestingly, that complement clauses in English are said to have evolved from a structure of this kind, with the demonstrative that being grammaticalized to become complementizer that when a sentence such as ‘IA saw thatO; heS came’ was reanalysed as ‘IA saw O’ (Hopper and Traugott 1993: 185–9). marker ‘Then I came and saw the dog barking (lit. ’ Here the ‘that’ of the second clause refers to ‘the dog was barking’. Note that the Wrst clause in (29) can include any tense-aspect marker.

1. Serial verb construction strategy In a serial verb construction (SVC), two (or, sometimes, more) verbs function together like a single predicate and are conceived of as describing a single action. The most common variety of SVC is asymmetrical, with a Major member (covering a wide range of verbs) and a Minor member (one of a small set of verbs); see Aikhenvald and Dixon (2005). A language with SVCs typically has a number of distinct asymmetrical varieties, where the Minor set for each variety is semantically homogeneous.

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