By Jürgen Neukirch

This moment version is a corrected and prolonged model of the 1st. it's a textbook for college students, in addition to a reference publication for the operating mathematician, on cohomological themes in quantity concept. In all it's a nearly entire remedy of an unlimited array of significant themes in algebraic quantity thought. New fabric is brought the following on duality theorems for unramified and tamely ramified extensions in addition to a cautious research of 2-extensions of actual quantity fields.

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Additional info for Cohomology of Number Fields

Example text

20 Chapter I. Cohomology of Profinite Groups and if Gˆ is the group given by the multiplication on A×G via x (σ, τ ), then the map f : (a, σ) → (y(σ)a, σ) is an isomorphism from Gˆ to Gˆ and the diagram 1✖✗✘✙✚✛✜✢✣✤✥ A Gˆ G 1 f 1 A Gˆ G 1 is commutative, noting that y(1) = 1 because 1 = x (1, σ) = x(1, σ)y(1)−1 ˆ = [Gˆ ], and we get a well-defined map = y(1)−1 . Therefore [G] µ : H 2 (G, A) −→ EXT(G, A). This map is inverse to the map λ constructed before. For, if x(σ, τ ) is the ˆ σ → σ, 2-cocycle produced by a section G −→ G, ˆ of a group extension 1 −→ A −→ Gˆ −→ G −→ 1, then the map f : (a, σ) → aσˆ is an isomorphism of the group A × G, endowed ˆ This proves the theorem.

Free for private, not for commercial use. 41 §4. The Cup-Product For discrete G-modules A and C, let G act on Hom(A, C) by (gφ)(a) = gφ(g −1 a), where φ ∈ Hom(A, C), g ∈ G and a ∈ A. If G is finite or if A is finitely generated as a ZZ-module, then Hom(A, C) is a discrete G-module and the canonical pairing Hom(A, C) × A −→ C induces the cup-product ∪ H p (G, Hom(A, C)) × H q (G, A) −→ H p+q (G, C). 6) Corollary. Let 0 −→ A −→ A −→ A −→ 0 be an exact sequence of G-modules and suppose that C is another G-module such that the sequence 0 −→ Hom(A , C) −→ Hom(A, C) −→ Hom(A , C) −→ 0 is also exact.

32. Observe that the exact sequences 0 → A → IndG (A) → A1 → 0 and 0 → A−1 → IndG (A) → A → 0 split over ZZ. Thus the result of tensoring these by any G-module B is still exact and IndG (A) ⊗ B = IndG (A ⊗ B). It remains to define the maps ϕp,q , which we will do as follows: If p ≥ 0 and q ≥ 0, ϕp,q (σ0 , . . , σp+q ) = (σ0 , . . , σp ) ⊗ (σp , . . , σp+q ) . If p ≥ 1 and q ≥ 1, ϕ−p,−q (σ1 , . . , σp+q ) = (σ1 , . . , σp ) ⊗ (σp+1 , . . , σp+q ) . If p ≥ 0 and q ≥ 1, ϕp,−p−q (σ1 , . . , σq ) = (σ1 , τ1 , .