Download Banana: The Fate of the Fruit That Changed the World by Dan Koeppel PDF

By Dan Koeppel

Read Dan Koeppel's posts at the Penguin Blog.

In the vein of the bestselling Salt and Cod, a gripping chronicle of the parable, secret, and unsure destiny of the world’s most well-liked fruit

during this attention-grabbing and superb exploration of the banana’s heritage, cultural importance, and endangered destiny, award-winning journalist Dan Koeppel supplies readers lots of nutrition for idea. fast paced and hugely interesting, Banana takes us from jungle to grocery store, from company boardrooms to kitchen tables around the globe. we start within the backyard of Eden—examining scholars’ trust that Eve’s “apple” used to be truly a banana— and commute to early-twentieth-century principal the US, the place aptly named “banana republics” rose and fell over the crop, whereas the corporations referred to now as Chiquita and Dole conquered the industry. Koeppel then chronicles the banana’s route to the current, ultimately—and so much alarmingly—taking us to banana plantations around the globe which are being destroyed via a fast-moving blight, without remedy in sight—and to the high-tech labs the place new bananas are actually being in-built try tubes, in a race to avoid wasting the world’s so much loved fruit.

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Download Türkiye Tarihi Cilt: 4 Çağdaş Türkiye 1908-1980 by Sina Akşin PDF

By Sina Akşin

Türkiye Tarihi, Oğuz Akkan ile Sina Akşin'in 1980 yılında oluşturdukları bir tasarının ve uzunca bir çalışma ve hazırlık döneminin ürünüdür. Türkiye Tarihi five ciltten oluşmaktadır. Her ciltte, dönemin siyaset, iktisat, düşünce, mimarlık ve sanat tarihleri ayrı bölümlerde incelenmektedir. 1. Cilt Osmanlı Devleti öncesindeki Türkleri ele almaktadır. 2. Cilt Osmanlı Tarihini 1600 yılına değin gözden geçirmektedir. three. Cilt 1600-1908 yıllarını kapsıyor. four. Cilt 1908-1980 dönemini inceliyor. five. Cilt 1980-1995 dönemini, yani şimdiki Türkiye'yi ele alıyor.
Sina Akşin yazarlar kadrosunu oluşturmuş ve yayın yönetmenliğini üstlenmiştir. Siyaset Tarihi bölümlerinin yazarları Ümit Hassan, Metin Kunt, Sina Akşin, Mete Tunçay, Cemil Koçak, Hikmet Özdemir, Bülent Tanör'dür. İktisat Tarihi bölümlerini Halil Berktay, Suraiya Faroqhi, Korkut Boratav, Zafer Toprak yazmışlardır. Düşünce Tarihi bölümleri Ümit Hassan, Hüseyin Yurdaydın, Sina Akşin, Selahattin Hilav, Murat Katoğlu tarafından kaleme alınmıştır. Mimarlık ve Sanat tarihi bölümlerinin tek yazarı Ayla Ödekan'dır.

Sina Akşin Türkiye Tarihi'nin amacını şöyle açıklamaktadır: "... Türkiye'de okullarda ve üniversitelerde okutulan tarih genellikle yüzeysel bir tarihtir. Okullarda öğrenciler için tarih en çekilmez, ezbere dayalı, anlamsız ders durumundadır. Üniversite tarih bölümlerinin puanları, yani tarihçiliğe rağbet, çok düşüktür. Tarih, birçoklarımızın gözünde gerçeğin araştırılacağı, heyecan verici bir bilim dalı değil, kabul edilmiş belirli ideolojik ya da siyasal tutumları destekleyecek kanıtların derleneceği bir alandan ibarettir. İşte biz, bu kitabın, ülkemiz tarihçiliğini hal-i pur melalinden kurtarmaya belki mütevazi bir katkısı olur diye düşündük."

Elinizdeki bu cilt, 1908-1980 dönemi tarih için vazgeçilmez bir kaynak niteliğindedir. Yakın geçmişin karmaşıklığına ışık tutacağına inanıyoruz.

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Download The Mob and the City: The Hidden History of How the Mafia by C. Alexander Hortis, James B. Jacobs PDF

By C. Alexander Hortis, James B. Jacobs

Forget what you're thinking that you recognize in regards to the Mafia. After interpreting this e-book, even life-long mob aficionados could have a brand new point of view on geared up crime.

Informative, authoritative, and eye-opening, this can be the 1st full-length publication dedicated completely to uncovering the hidden background of the way the Mafia got here to dominate prepared crime in manhattan urban through the Nineteen Thirties via Fifties. in response to exhaustive study of data and mystery records acquired during the Freedom of knowledge Act, writer and legal professional C. Alexander Hortis attracts at the private choice of fundamental assets, many newly chanced on, of any heritage of the trendy mob.

Shattering myths, Hortis unearths how Cosa Nostra truly received strength on the inception. the writer is going past traditional who-shot-who mob tales, offering solutions to clean questions such as:

• Why did the Sicilian gangs pop out on best of the legal underworld?
• Can economics clarify how the Mafia households operated?
• What was once the Mafia's actual position within the drug trade?
• Why used to be Cosa Nostra keen on homosexual bars in ny because the 1930s?

Drawing on an exceptional array of fundamental assets, The Mob and the City is the main thorough and actual background of the Mafia's upward thrust to energy within the early-to-mid 20th century.

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Download Exodus From The Alamo: The Anatomy of the Last Stand Myth by Phillip Tucker PDF

By Phillip Tucker

A variety of the army and background booklet ClubsA startling new research of 1 of America's so much excellent battles . . .Contrary to motion picture and legend, we now be aware of that the defenders of the Alamo within the warfare for Texan independence-including Davy Crockett, Jim Bowie and William B. Travis-did no longer die lower than very good sun, protecting their positions opposed to hordes of Mexican infantry. in its place the Mexicans introduced a predawn assault, surmounting the partitions in darkness, forcing a wild melee contained in the castle prior to lots of its defenders had even awoken.In this booklet, Dr. Tucker, after deep examine into lately stumbled on Mexican debts and the forensic facts, informs us that the normal delusion of the Alamo is much more off-base: many of the Alamo's defenders died in breakouts from the fortress, slash by means of Santa Anna's cavalry that were pre-positioned to intercept the escapees.To be transparent, many of the Alamo's defenders held on contained in the fortress, battling again each means they can. Captain Dickinson, with cannon atop the chapel (in which his spouse hid), fired many times into the Mexican throng of enemy cavalry till he used to be ultimately scale down. the talk on Crockett nonetheless continues to be, although the lately authenticated diary of the Mexican de los angeles Pena bargains facts that he surrendered.The such a lot startling element of this e-book is that almost all of the Texans, in gallantly led teams, broke out of the fortress after the enemy had damaged in, and the first fights came about at the simple open air. nonetheless battling desperately, the Texans' retreat was once halted by way of cavalry, and later on Mexican lancers plied their exchange with bloodcurdling fees into the midst of the rest resisters.Notoriously, Santa Anna burned the our bodies of the Texans who had dared stand opposed to him. As this publication proves in thorough element, the funeral pyres have been good outdoors the fort-that is, the place the 2 separate teams of escapers fell at the simple, instead of within the Alamo itself.PHILLIP THOMAS TUCKER earned his Ph.D. in American historical past from St. Louis collage in 1990. the writer or editor of greater than 20 books on army heritage, a number of of that have received nationwide and nation awards for scholarship, he has labored as a U.S. Air strength Historian for almost twenty years in Washington, DC.


"As Tucker presents long-overdue corrections to the Alamo tale unknown to so much readers, this could be learn by means of students and lay readers alike. . . ."-LIBRARY magazine (3/2010)"Those confident that the 1836 Alamo conflict was once a heroic final stand will hate this ebook. Readers open to new interpretations, in spite of the fact that, will locate compelling arguments inside its well-researched pages. the writer, a historian who has written or edited many books regarding 19th-century army campaigns, believes the Alamo defenders have been crushed in a shock evening assault, now not a sunlight attack, and plenty of of them died open air the fortress whereas attempting to get away via Mexican lines."-THE DALLAS MORNING information 4/25/2010 "Reignites the by no means finishing controversy over the past stand fantasy vs. the ancient checklist, which exhibits so much defenders died after breaking out from Santa Anna's pre-dawn attack."--American heritage, 05/2010 "As Tucker presents long-overdue corrections to the Alamo tale unknown to such a lot readers, this could be learn through students and lay readers alike. . . ."-LIBRARY magazine (3/2010)"Those confident that the 1836 Alamo conflict used to be a heroic final stand will hate this publication. Readers open to new interpretations, despite the fact that, will locate compelling arguments inside its well-researched pages. the writer, a historian who has written or edited many books related to 19th-century army campaigns, believes the Alamo defenders have been beaten in a shock evening assault, now not a sunlight attack, and plenty of of them died open air the fortress whereas attempting to break out via Mexican lines."-THE DALLAS MORNING information 4/25/2010 "An eye starting reappraisal of what quite occurred through the Alamo siege, ultimate attack and aftermath. . . . Tucker's good researched account dramatically rewrites long-accepted heritage and shatters probably the most loved and enduring myths in regards to the 1836 conflict. "--Armchair basic, 09/2010"It is clean for historians to problem the conventions of historical past, no matter if their interpretations in simple terms give a contribution to the prevailing controversy."--ARMY journal, 06/2010"I disagree with many stuff in Exodus from the Alamo however it merits a reading."-THE ALAMO JOURNAL"An fascinating, specific research. Recommended."-CHOICE"...uses lately came upon Mexican debts and archaeological and forensic facts to collapse the "Last Stand Myth"...By recounting the conflict from a brand new standpoint, Tucker makes an attempt to collapse the racism opposed to the Tejano and Mexican humans fueled through Alamo legends."Universitas, Saint Louis college, Fall 2010"Today, most of the people have of their brain the 1960 movie model of the conflict within which John Wayne performed Davy Crockett. . . . This has helped to advertise clone of a fervent band of freedom combatants status as much as the Mexican dictator and causing large casualties upon overwhelming forces in a gallant stand. in truth, because the author's conscientiously researched booklet proves, the defenders have been panic-stricken and fleeing as Santa Anna's sunrise assault swept over them in precisely 20 mins. . . . To a British reader, what's so much impressive is how a lot the 'race' factor mattered then and it seems that nonetheless does now. . . . The Texans of 1836 supported slavery and have been to struggle a sour civil struggle a new release later over the problem, whereas Mexico had abolished it a dozen years prior. Who was once then the liberator?"-MILITARY ILLUSTRATED"...factual and objective..."Journal of Southern background "While it's lengthy been recognized that the various garrison tried to flee because the Mexican infantry overran the improvised fort, utilizing long-overlooked Mexican and American facts, together with army reviews, letters, and oral testimony, Tucker concludes that maybe as many as part the useless could have been cut back via Mexican cavalry as they tried to flee taking walks. " a piece more likely to stir a lot controversy in a few circles, and an important learn for an individual drawn to the Texas struggle for independence."-STRATEGY PAGE"...demonstrates a mastery and understanding...Readers who take pleasure in specific conflict writing may still like Tucker's text...members who're attracted to the tale of the Alamo and at the production and veneration of delusion in American historical past may still read..." magazine of America's army previous, wintry weather 2011"Challenges traditional Alamo reports . . ."-Southwestern old Quarterly"Tucker's daring evaluate, whereas undeniably precise, "that the Alamo defenders have been at the unsuitable facet of the slavery issue," is going down with all of the aftertaste of a red meat chop in a synagogue. In exposing the underbelly of our historic tendency to absolve "America of guilt from the ugliest legacies of occur future, slavery, and Indian removal," Tucker describes such inglorious occasions as Colonel Neill, the fellow so much liable for atmosphere the level for the Alamo catastrophe, mounting his horse and "riding clear of the Alamo and leaving the 26 yr previous Travis in command."City publication evaluation, February 2012Tucker claims the defenders have been crushed in an evening assault, and lots of have been killed operating away. such a lot have been in mattress while the Mexicans breached the partitions. And, opposite to the 1960 motion picture, John Wayne was once nowhere to be seen.-GUARDIAN.CO.UK, 8/1/2011Using lately found Mexican money owed of the conflict, the historian wrote that the defenders of the Alamo within the warfare for Texan independence didn't die protecting their garrison below terrific sun. in its place, the Mexicans introduced a shock pre-dawn assault, hiking the partitions lower than disguise of darkness and inflicting mayhem within the fortress whereas such a lot of its defenders have been nonetheless asleep.-DAILYMAIL.CO.UK, 8/1/2011"...passionate and gripping... the easiest English-language account we've of the full lead-up to the doomed battle."Open Letters per month, 10/2011"...bound to stir controversy...proves in thorough aspect the funeral pyres have been good open air the Alamo the place the twp separate teams of fleeing combatants fell, instead of contained in the outdated Spanish mission...intriguing."Toy Solder and version determine "Veteran American historian Tucker brings the undesirable information that nearly every thing american citizens learn about the Alamo is not just flawed, yet approximately antithetic to what really occurred through the 1836 conflict. Worse nonetheless, it's not very cinematic. If all of the defenders died in that heroic final stand opposed to Santa Anna's Mexican military, he wonders, how will we be aware of what occurred. He has a special tale, which passes via land and slaves because the prizes, Napoleonic affects, protection of the Alamo, deadly overconfidence, an useless siege, the predawn attack, flight instead of struggle, the Alamo's so much sour legacies, and flames emerging high."Book information "The learn is difficult to argue opposed to. simply because the tale doesn't fit the parable doesn't suggest the tale isn't true... delusion or truth? The examine is beautiful common. learn it all with an open brain earlier than drawing your individual conclusions. you simply may possibly shock your self. take into accout, because the book's identify warns, the writer is demanding a one hundred seventy five years outdated myth."Kepler's army background

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Download The State of Jones: The Small Southern County that Seceded by Sally Jenkins, John Stauffer PDF

By Sally Jenkins, John Stauffer

In 1863, after surviving the devastating conflict of Corinth, Newton Knight, a terrible farmer from Mississippi, abandoned the accomplice military and commenced a guerrilla conflict opposed to the Confederacy. for 2 years he and different citizens of Jones County engaged in an riot that may have repercussions a long way past the scope of the Civil conflict. during this dramatic account of a virtually forgotten bankruptcy of yankee heritage, Sally Jenkins and John Stauffer upend the normal fantasy of the Confederacy as a heroic and unified misplaced reason, revealing the fractures inside of Civil-War period Southern society. No guy greater exemplified those complexities than Newton Knight, a pro-Union sympathizer within the deep South who refused to struggle a wealthy man’s battle for slavery and cotton.

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Download Marcus Aurelius in the Historia Augusta and Beyond by Geoff W. Adams PDF

By Geoff W. Adams

This publication examines the biography of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. It seeks to extra comprehend the writer of the Historia Augusta along the memories of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Geoff W. Adams arrives at this realizing via a learn of quite a lot of literary texts. Marcus Aurelius was once a crucial ruler of the Roman Empire, who has had an effect symbolically, philosophically, and traditionally upon how the Roman Empire has been anticipated. Adams achieves this finish to convey a clearer knowing to his illustration and to fashionable interpretations of his hugely interpreted and romanticized representations within the historical texts.

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Download The Great Bridge: The Epic Story of the Building of the by David McCullough PDF

By David McCullough

This huge e-book is the spell binding tale of 1 of the best occasions in our nation's heritage, through the Age of Optimism -- a interval whilst american citizens have been confident of their hearts that each one issues have been possible.

In the years round 1870, while the undertaking used to be first undertaken, the idea that of establishing an exceptional bridge to span the East River among the nice towns of ny and Brooklyn required a imaginative and prescient and resolution reminiscent of that which went into the development of the nice cathedrals. during the fourteen years of its building, the chances opposed to the profitable of entirety of the bridge appeared outstanding. our bodies have been overwhelmed and damaged, lives misplaced, political empires fell, and surges of public emotion continuously threatened the venture. yet this isn't basically the saga of an engineering miracle; it's a sweeping narrative of the social weather of the time and of the heroes and rascals who had a hand in both developing or exploiting the surpassing enterprise.

(Review from Amazon)

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Download Texas Obscurities: Stories of the Peculiar, Exceptional and by E.R. Bills PDF

By E.R. Bills

A few of these quirky real tales may shock even the main proud Texan. Austin sat the 1st all-woman kingdom splendid courtroom within the country in 1925. A utopian colony thrived in Kristenstad throughout the nice melancholy. Bats taken from the Bracken and Ney Caves and Devil's Sinkhole have been constructed as a mystery weapon that vied with the new york undertaking to shorten global struggle II. In Slaton in 1922, German priest Joseph M. Keller was once abducted, tarred and feathered amid anti-German fervor following international struggle I. writer E.R. money owed deals this choice of trials, tribulations and intrigue that's absolute to enhance one's realizing of the largest nation within the reduce Forty-eight.

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Download Italy's Sorrow: A Year of War, 1944--1945 by James Holland PDF

By James Holland

Throughout the moment global warfare, the crusade in Italy was once the main harmful fought in Europe – a protracted, sour and hugely attritional clash that raged up the country’s mountainous leg.  For frontline troops, casualty charges at Cassino and alongside the infamous Gothic Line have been as excessive as that they had been at the Western entrance within the First global War.  there have been extra similarities too: blasted landscapes, rain and dirt, and months on finish with front line slightly moving. 

And whereas the Allies and Germans have been combating it out in the course of the mountains, the Italians have been undertaking sour battles too.  Partisans have been conducting a crippling resistance crusade opposed to the German troops but in addition fighting the Fascists forces to boot in what quickly turned a bloody civil war.  round them, blameless civilians attempted to pass though the carnage, terror and anarchy, whereas within the wake of the Allied develop, bad numbers of impoverished and ravenous humans have been left to select their approach throughout the ruins in their houses and country.  within the German-occupied north, there have been greater than seven hundred civilian massacres by means of German and Fascist troops in retaliation for Partisan actions, whereas within the south, many discovered themselves pressured into making poor and heart-rending judgements so one can survive.

Although referred to as a land of attractiveness and for the richness of its tradition, Italy’s discomfort in 1944-1945 is now principally forgotten.  this is often the 1st account of the clash there to inform the tale from either side and to incorporate the stories of squaddies and civilians alike. delivering vast unique learn, it weaves jointly the drama and tragedy of that negative yr, together with new views and fabric on one of the most debated episodes to have emerged from the second one international warfare.

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Download The Future of the Past: Big Questions in History by Peter Martland PDF

By Peter Martland

Initially of the recent millennium, the way forward for the earlier deals a clean interpretation of the problems and advancements that experience formed our international over the past thousand years. through bringing jointly the services of contributors of the background school at Cambridge collage, them all leaders of their selected fields, a piece of heritage has been created that's either interesting and distinct. instead of imminent heritage as a series of prior occasions, this publication examines a few of the key matters dealing with mankind this present day and areas them right into a vast old context through studying their improvement through the a long time.

By viewing heritage via subject matters similar to spiritual authority, civil liberty, political ideology, demographic switch and financial cycles, the way forward for the earlier demanding situations many long-held ideals and allows the reader to mirror upon the dramatic alterations of the previous and the demanding situations of the long run.

As Europe reshapes itself, the query of the way it was once outlined some time past involves the fore; as Britain studies devolution, its ancient contours and id are being probed afresh; because the impact of the us gradually extends around the globe, it compels a reappraisal of the heritage and responsiveness of Western highbrow, cultural and political traditions.

By exploring those concerns, the way forward for the prior presents an authoritative but obtainable advent to the research of historical past and demonstrates how the altering current can revitalize our perspectives of the prior.

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