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The German Revolution erupted out of the ashes of global battle I, brought on by means of mutinying sailors refusing to be sacrificed within the ultimate carnage of the warfare. whereas the Social Democrats grabbed energy, radicals around the nation rallied to set up a communist society less than the slogan “All energy to the Councils!” The Spartacus League introduced an rebellion in Berlin, council republics have been proclaimed in Bremen and Bavaria, and workers’ revolts shook quite a few German cities. but in an act that may tragically form the process historical past, the Social Democratic executive beaten the rebellions with the aid of right-wing militias, paving the way in which for the ill-fated Weimar Republic—and finally the ascension of the Nazis.

This definitive documentary historical past collects manifestos, speeches, articles, and letters from the German Revolution—Rosa Luxemburg, the innovative Stewards, and Gustav Landauer among others—introduced and annotated through the editor. Many records, comparable to the anarchist Erich Mühsam’s accomplished account of the Bavarian Council Republic, are provided the following in English for the 1st time. the quantity additionally contains fabrics from the crimson Ruhr military that repelled the reactionary Kapp Putsch in 1920 and the communist bandits that roamed jap Germany until eventually 1921. All strength to the Councils! presents a dynamic and brilliant photo of a time of serious wish and devastating betrayal.

“Gabriel Kuhn’s very good quantity illuminates a profound international innovative second, within which terrific principles and debates lit the sky.” —Marcus Rediker, writer of Villains of all Nations and The Slave Ship

“This outstanding assortment, skillfully edited via Gabriel Kuhn, brings to lifestyles that almost all pivotal of revolutions, crackling with the acrid smell of highway scuffling with, rebel hopes, and finally defeat… In an period brimming with anticapitalist aspirations, those pages ring with that also unmet progressive promise of a higher global: I used to be, i'm, I shall be.” —Sasha Lilley, writer of Capital and Its Discontents and coauthor of Catastrophism

“Drawing on newly exposed fabric via pioneering archival old study, Gabriel Kuhn’s robust e-book at the German workers’ councils circulation is vital analyzing to knowing the future of democratic employee regulate today.” —Immanuel Ness, Graduate heart for employee schooling, Brooklyn College

“An fundamental source on a world-historic event.” —Lucien van der Walt, Rhodes college, South Africa

“The councils of the early twentieth century, as they're offered during this quantity, have been independent organs of the operating category past the normal events and unions. they'd stepped out of the hidden global of small political teams and represented a mass circulation combating for an all-encompassing council system.” —Teo Panther, editor of Alle Macht den Räten: Novemberrevolution 1918

“The German Revolution of 1918–1919 and the subsequent years mark a very good interval in German historical past. This assortment brings the novel aspirations of the time alive and includes many very important classes for modern students and activists alike.” —Markus Bauer, loose Workers’ Union, FAU-IAA

“The struggles of the German operating type within the early twentieth century are possibly probably the most sour and misunderstood in eu background, and it's time they have been paid extra attention.” —Richard Parry, writer of The Bonnot Gang

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31 With all the military activities requiring careful organization, time seems to have been crucial. The nurses' time was carefully structured. If, on occasion, they had to do double duty, they were seldom run ragged. A normal day shift had "hours off," enough time for a bicycle sprint into town or a walk in the neighbouring countryside. A half-day, or the more occasional entire day, off allowed for longer ventures, dedicated sight-seeing (these nurses were travellers along XXXI INTRODUCTION Office of Matron-in-Chief MacDonald, London (NA, PA 680) with everything else) in surrounding towns and villages, picnics in valleys and on hillsides, lunch in a cafe.

They were originally never intended to be so close to the front, but as of 1915 ten or twelve nurses were at each Casualty Clearing Station. At least two were on the ambulance train. Sixteen awaited him at a Stationary Hospital and as many as seventy-two at a General Hospital. In all units numbers expanded with the need: a wounded soldier in 1918 might find as many as one hundred and forty nurses at the McGill hospital. Nurses were on the hospital ships from Boulogne to England and again from England to Canada.

Birkett] first then officers then sisters - Dress uniform, then other hospitals & units as they pleased We wakened this morning with no land in sight but soon after breakfast we neared the east coast of Newfoundland. 30 on deck. We are all in uniform. After rounding Cape Ray we lost sight of land again & only about 5 PM saw Cape Race in the distance. New & stricter rules appear daily. An operation (appendectomy) this afternoon One of the men of the 9 WAR D I A R Y 21 st. Dr. Elder operated. Minnie Engelke is on duty for the night.

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